NewsWire Complete Issue
By The AVweb Editorial Staff
|This issue of AVweb's AVflash is brought to you by ... JA Air Center
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Spar Cracks Apparently Spreading...
The FAA has grounded the entire fleet (about 320 in the U.S.) of Beech A45 and T-34 aircraft after it was discovered that cracks in a location on the wing spar not covered by a previous Airworthiness
Directive (AD) led to the crash of a Texas Air Aces T-34 last Tuesday. An emergency AD was issued Friday that
covers all variants of the military trainer, which is used by several companies for mock combat, aerobatics and upset-recovery instruction. The aircraft can only be flown on ferry permits to their
home bases or repair centers and only in VFR conditions with no forecast moderate or severe turbulence. Last Tuesday's accident killed pilot Richard Gillenwaters and customer Pietro Migliori, of
Venezuela. The left wing came off the aircraft and the AD says that the center section of the wing failed four inches inboard of the attach point. FAA investigators also found evidence of fatigue at
other locations, none of which were covered by the previous AD. That AD, requiring periodic inspection of various wing components, was issued after a November 2003 wing separation on a Texas Air Aces
T-34 that killed owner Don Wylie and a customer.
The aircraft in the most recent crash was an early T-34, serial number G-13, and had seen extensive use in mock air combat operations, including a stint with Georgia-based Sky Warriors, before it was
acquired by Texas Air Aces. Like virtually the entire fleet of T-34s, it had met one of the alternate means of compliance (AMOC) to the AD requiring extensive spar inspection and/or a prohibition on
aerobatics. George Braly, whose company, General Aviation Modifications Inc., developed its own AMOC in concert with the T-34 Association, told AVweb that the crash aircraft had been fitted with a used Baron spar sometime in 1995. The replacement spar qualifies as
one of four AMOC methods, which include replacement spars, a re-enforcing gusset in the stressed area and a hefty external steel strap bridging the wings across the belly. Sometime after G-13 had its
used Baron spar installed, the aircraft suffered an in-flight canopy opening and the right rear wing spar suffered damage when the canopy departed the aircraft. It's not yet known if this was a factor
in the structural failure.
One question investigators are trying to answer is this: If G-13 had the required AMOC, why did the wing fail? This much is known, according to Braly: The wing on the most recent crash failed in an
entirely different area of the aircraft structure than in both the Rydell, Ga., crash in 1999 and the 2003 crash near Houston. In both of the earlier crashes, the wing spar failed at a point about a
foot outboard of the so-called "bathtub" fitting, an opening under the wing that allows access to the wing through bolts. In the most recent Texas crash, the failure point was in the center fuselage
section, well inboard of the bathtub fitting. The recent crash highlights a certain tension between the mock air combat trade and those generally more ... subdued ... fliers of the T-34 Association.
With three high-profile crashes in the combat arena, other T-34 owners who use their airplanes in far milder pursuits find themselves again dragged into what may be a protracted and expensive AD
process. Braly believes T-34s can be used safely in mock air combat if they're maintained carefully and flown to a 4G limit. Recording G-meters and periodic inspections might help. Nonetheless, Braly
believes T-34s not used for air combat should be spared extraordinary inspection and maintenance requirements. "We have been begging the FAA since 1999 to draw a distinction between commercial use of
T-34s and any other use," Braly told us. Considering last week's emergency AD, the FAA apparently isn't yet sold on that idea.
THE PILOT INSURANCE CHALLENGE
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Commercial Space Bill Passes...
A stroke of the president's pen will launch the era of commercial passenger space flight. The Senate, with only minutes remaining in the legislative session that adjourned Wednesday, passed the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act. Assuming President Bush signs it, the controversial legislation will not only
allow paying passengers in space, it will make it easier for companies to experiment with and test vehicles to get through what space policy consultant James Muncy calls "the 21st-century equivalent
of the barnstorming era." Although the bill, on the surface, enjoyed wide public and political support, there was intense back-room politicking leading up to its final passage. Some members of
Congress wanted more safety provisions for passengers built in while others thought it too restrictive on the companies trying to put a toehold in the new market. In the end, it passed unanimously in
a package of unrelated legislation presented as the Senate was preparing to wrap up the session. Had it not passed, proponents would have had to reintroduce it in the next session, delaying the
development of the industry, which now hopes to launch its first customers in 2007.
The bill essentially sets the regulatory parameters on commercial space ventures for the FAA for the next eight years. Under the legislation, the FAA would primarily be interested in protecting the
"uninvolved public" and the public interest. During the eight years, the FAA can only implement regulations designed to protect crew and passengers if there are serious accidents or close calls. After
the eight years are up, the "barnstorming" will presumably be over and the FAA will be able to draw up regs that reflect the lessons learned (hopefully without a big body count) during the
experimentation. During House debate last month, some Democrat members opposed what they termed a "tombstone mentality" and wanted more safety regs built into the legislation. Proponents of the bill
argued that too much regulation would hamstring the development of the industry and scare away potential investors. Muncy said the FAA and the bill's congressional backers deserve credit for taking
the leap of faith. "Congress is clearly saying that it doesn't want to be a barrier," he said. "It wants to open doors and fly the American public into space."
Now, what's all this mean to you, the well-heeled adventurer type? Essentially, if you decide to invest $200,000 or more in the ultimate adventure ride, you accept the possibility that it might be
your last thrill and there will be no legal recourse for those you left on the ground (theoretically). Even multi-billionaire Richard Branson, who is hoping to inaugurate commercial space flight using
Burt Rutan-designed equipment in 2007, doesn't have the money to defend lawsuits that would arise from the first ... private ... space crash. Eliminating liability for passenger safety was considered
an essential element of the legislation. Less obvious, but just as important, is a section on experimentation. Under current rules, someone trying to break into the space business must meet virtually
all the licensing and permit requirements of a fully functional spaceship before it can launch any experimental flights. Under the bill, as long as there are no paying customers aboard, the pre-launch
criteria are significantly relaxed, saving time and money for would-be space racers. "This one element is the major cost-saving aspect of the proposed legislation, and it is hugely significant for
many small businesses that want to test new vehicle concepts," Nathan Horsely, an attorney specializing in space law, wrote in The Space Review. There's also no limit on the number of experimental
flights permitted under the new rules.
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Starting with your next rating or certificate, your pilot's certificate will sport a new feature. You. In living color. Buried deep in a contentious bill that revamps the U.S.'s intelligence and
anti-terrorism posture is a provision requiring pilot certificates to carry the photo of the license holder. The new certificates will also be tamper- and counterfeit-resistant and may have the
ability to store biometric information. The FAA has a year to start issuing the new documents but you likely won't have to say "cheese" right away. The bill doesn't require pilots to get the new
license unless they get a new rating or certificate. AOPA says it's been working with the FAA to minimize the "burden" of implementing the rule. For instance, the rule allows designees (like air
medical examiners) to take the photos and send them electronically to the FAA, rather than making pilots travel to the nearest FSDO or regional office to have them taken. AOPA says it successfully
lobbied against a provision that would have required those renting aircraft to be checked against a terrorist watch list.
The Canadian Armed Forces has temporarily grounded the Snowbirds air demonstration team after a midair collision killed a pilot
and slightly injured another. Capt. Miles Selby died when his CT-114 Tutor jet crashed in a field near Mossbank, Saskatchewan. The other pilot, Capt. Chuck Mallet, was able to eject and is being
treated for minor injuries. The two were on a routine training mission. They were the solo pilots and may have been practicing opposing maneuvers when the accident occurred. Mossbank is about 40 miles
from the Snowbirds' home base and winter-training headquarters at Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw. Selby, 31, of Tsawassen, B.C. (a suburb of Vancouver), was an F-18 pilot before joining the Snowbirds
in 2003. Mallett, 35, of Edmonton, was in his third year with the team. Witness Jackie Geis said she heard a loud "boom" while feeding cattle on her Mossbank ranch. "I looked up and there were two big
puffs of smoke ... and I watched the stuff fall to the ground," she told CTV News. In 35 years and 1,800 shows, the team has had about 20 accidents, five of them fatal. The last fatality was exactly
six years before Friday's crash, when Capt. Michael VandenBos was killed.
Pennsylvania still doesn't have a law against flying while drunk because Gov. Ed Rendell doesn't want to spend $6 million on rural transit. Huh? you ask. Well, that's politics as usual in Harrisburg,
where getting things done is apparently an exercise in trickery and one-upmanship. As AVweb told you last month, both state houses had approved the Flying While Impaired bill in an attempt to
plug an embarrassing loophole. After John Salamone's allegedly drunken aerial tour of Pennsylvania and New Jersey last January, in which he buzzed Philadelphia Airport and got in the way of airliners
on his way to a close encounter with a nuclear power plant, prosecutors discovered there was no law against flying drunk. There is still no law against it because opportunistic legislators tried to
piggyback a controversial measure on the bill. Rendell vetoed the bill when he saw the rider attached that would funnel $6 million to a couple of money-losing transit operators. Now, drunk-flying
incidents are not exactly an epidemic in Pennsylvania or anywhere else, so Rendell possibly believed sacrificing the bill to prevent the "stopgap" payment to the bus companies was the wisest course.
And it's not like Salamone isn't paying for his crimes. Earlier this month he was sentenced to between six and 23 months in jail for reckless endangerment and risking a catastrophe, proving, if
nothing else, that amid chaos justice can prevail.
The first Eclipse 500 certification test airplane -- complete with new Pratt & Whitney Canada engines -- rolled out of the company's Albuquerque assembly plant on Saturday. The airplane is the first of five flying test beds that will go through the certification process. Other
airframes will be used for static and fatigue testing. First flight of the test aircraft will occur sometime in the next couple of weeks, according to an Eclipse statement. "Roll out of (the test
plane) is an important symbol of the real progress made in the Eclipse 500 program," said CEO Vern Raburn. Certification is still planned for May of 2006, more than a year later than originally
planned by the company. The program was stalled in 2003 when Eclipse fired Williams as its engine contractor after problems with the engine. Pratt & Whitney Canada developed a new engine for the
Eclipse, the PW610F. While Eclipse waited for the engine, it completed aerodynamic and systems validation testing on an airframe powered by drone engines.
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Any GPS can tell you where you are but Control Vision's Anywhere Map system tells you where you should be in case
your engine quits. Anywhere Map's "cones of safety" feature has now been patented and it falls under the category of "why didn't I think of that?" As part of the moving map's "personal digital
co-pilot" system, the display shows an inverted cone around all airports in the vicinity within which the aircraft can glide safely to a landing. "Being within gliding range of an airport is one of
the best pieces of information available to the pilot of an aircraft in distress," said Control Vision CEO Jay Humbard. The pilot plugs in the aircraft's performance data, including glide ratio, and
the GPS continuously adjusts the gliding distance according to altitude. The display takes the shape of an inverted cone, hence the name. The GPS can also be used during flight planning to ensure the
course keeps the aircraft within gliding distance of an airport for as much of the flight as possible. During the flight, if the engine quits, the pilot can highlight an airport within the cone, hit
the emergency mode function, and the GPS will draw a direct flight plan to that airport. Neat.
Another major technical foul-up briefly snarled California airspace on Thursday. After suffering a power failure
last April and the failure of a radio system (in which the backups failed, too) earlier this year,
controllers' screens went blank at the major Terminal Radar Approach Control center watching over the comings and goings at dozens of airports in Southern California and as far east as Las Vegas. This
time the backup system worked and the screens were back on within five minutes. But even that little blip affected dozens of flights, causing delays (albeit short ones) in the air and on the ground.
"It's very serious when one of your radar systems goes out -- even if you have two," FAA spokesman Donn Walker told the Los Angeles Times. "We're working very aggressively to find out why it went down
and make sure it doesn't happen again." Controllers stayed in radio contact with all the affected flights within the control zone and those waiting to enter were put in holding patterns until the
screens came back on.
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While we can't believe it was his intended target, the pilot of a Mooney M20F can add the dubious distinction of using a moving highway truck's trailer as a landing strip -- and living to tell the
tale. Mark Taylor Davis was trying to get to the airport at Fabens, Texas (near El Paso) after the Mooney's engine quit but he didn't quite make it. The plane left a couple of skid marks on top of the
trailer before falling onto the highway upside down. Neither Taylor nor his wife Mercedes were hurt. Truck driver Raymond Bennett White Jr. said he didn't hear a thing when the plane touched down.
The Federal Communications Commission may study allowing cellphone use on airliners. A vote next week among FCC officials will determine whether the issue comes up for discussion. Whether
passengers uncomfortable at the thought of sitting next to a cell yeller will get a vote is not known...
The owner of a Washington State charter company could be going to jail for lying about his past on FAA certificate applications. Clif Dyer didn't tell the FAA about his previous conviction for
second-degree rape of a child or that he was undergoing treatment...
Actor Bruce Willis has offered to donate land for a new Idaho airport. Willis owns a tract of flat land near Sun Valley and appeared at a public meeting on future sites to make the offer. But
before you start writing fan mail, understand that Willis is planning a ski-resort development near the site he's offering...
Cessna apparently has confidence in its single-engine business. The company is planning a $20 million expansion to its Independence, Kan., high-wing plant. It includes a couple of acres of new
buildings and might result in the hiring of 500 more workers over the next few years...
Steve Fossett has lots of aviation records but perhaps not the latest attributed to him by some sources (including AVweb). The Federation Aeronautique International says Fossett's
sailplane partner Terry Delore was actually PIC when the duo flew a Schleicher ASH 25 Mi 2193.4 kilometers in a straight line
over Argentina a couple of weeks ago. Delore was, however, listed as the co-pilot on a couple of other record flights over a triangular course.
Drop us a line. If it caught your attention, it will probably interest someone else, too. Submit news tips via email to
As the Beacon Turns #84: Let's Get Wet!
What better way to spend a long weekend in the Northwest than to get reaquainted with planes on floats. AVweb's Michael Maya Charles shows that skill with seaplane techniques can help when you're on
dry land, in this month's As The Beacon Turns.
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Reader feedback on AVweb's news coverage and feature articles:
Reader mail this week about outsourcing Flight Service Stations, flying with polished ice, cell phone interference and much more.
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Tower: How was the ride down the ILS?
Airliner 123: Pretty good actually.....
Tower: When did you break out?
Airliner 123: (pause) 1996
Airliner 123: (even longer pause) OH!! You mean out of the clouds??
Airliner 123: ...About 1000 feet.
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