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Aviation Safety and Unidentified Aerial Phenomena

The National Aviation Reporting Center on Anomalous Phenomena or NARCAP.org was founded in 2000 to address a perceived need to document and analyze incidents involving unidentified aerial phenomena (UAP) and aviation safety. The literature addressing pilot reports of observations and incidents involving UAP contains many examples of aviation safety factors like loss of separation, near mid-air collisions, crew factors, equipment failures and other problems. NARCAP case files contain over 3400 examples of aviation related observations and incidents involving UAP.

Unidentified Aerial Phenomena or UAP are not simply something that a pilot could not identify. It means that AFTER examination by those qualified to make a determination and in the presence of enough data to make a determination, it remains unidentified.

The definition of UAP:

"An unidentified aerial phenomenon (UAP) is the visual stimulus that provokes a sighting report of an object or light seen in the sky, the appearance and/or flight dynamics of which do not suggest a logical, conventional flying object and which remains unidentified after close scrutiny of all available evidence by persons who are technically capable of making both a full technical identification as well as a common-sense identification, if one is possible. " (Haines, Pp. 13-22, 1980)

The term "Unidentified Aerial Phenomena" or UAP is an attempt to address the fact that not all UAP are described as unidentified flying objects or UFO. Many are simply described as unusual lights. NARCAP feels the term "UAP" more accurately reflects the broad scope of descriptions in aviation reports as well as the possibility that these phenomena may arise from several different sources.

The answers to the questions regarding the existence, source and nature of the subcategory of UAP referred to as UFO will be found in the data. Given that pilots do report aerial phenomena that they describe as structured objects, NARCAP feels it is appropriate to give attention to the witness' description of what was seen or detected and engage it objectively.

NARCAP.org was founded specifically to collect and document these incidents and offer its findings in a public and transparent manner. NARCAP.org is staffed by current and former aviation professionals, pilots, aviation and aeronautical experts, aviation human factors experts, perceptual psychologists and others who bring a wide variety of skills and abilities to our investigative programs.

NARCAP.org invites any pilot or aviation professional that has experienced an incident or observations involving an unidentified aerial phenomena, unidentified traffic, etc., to contact NARCAP investigators and share their experiences.

Confidentiality: Unless directly instructed otherwise, all cases and investigations are de-identified prior to the final report and no witness will be publicly associated with any case or report by NARCAP.org.

Please contact NARCAP.org via its website or contact Ted Roe admin@narcap.org