NTSB Identifies Potential Safety Issue In Fatal DHC-3 Crash

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The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) announced on Monday that it has identified a possible safety issue with the flight controls of a De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Turbine Otter that crashed into Mutiny Bay, Washington, last month. According to investigators, the horizontal stabilizer actuator was “found separated where the clamp nut threads into the barrel section” with further examination suggesting that the “components separated by unthreading as opposed to being pulled apart in tension.” The circular wire lock ring used to prevent the pieces from unthreading has not been found in the wreckage.

“At this time, the NTSB does not know whether the lock ring was installed before the airplane impacted the water or why the lock ring was not present during the airplane examination,” the Board said in its investigative update. “The NTSB, in coordination with the Transportation Safety Board of Canada, has asked that the manufacturer draft instructions for an inspection of the actuator to ensure that the lock ring is in place and properly engaged to prevent unthreading of the clamp nut. Those instructions will be released and provided to all operators of the DHC-3 airplane worldwide in a Service Letter.”

The aircraft went down on Sept. 4, 2022, killing the pilot and all nine passengers onboard. The NTSB noted that approximately 85 percent of the airplane was recovered from the sea floor. The investigation is expected to continue with examinations of both elevators, interviews of the FAA principal operations and maintenance inspectors assigned to the operator, a review of maintenance records and interviews with maintenance personnel. The Board is also planning to conduct an evaluation of lock ring failure modes and lock ring installation instructions along with an aircraft performance study. As previously reported by AVweb, the FAA issued an emergency AD requiring immediate inspection of the left-hand elevator auxiliary spar on DHC-3 Otters on Oct. 4 due to the crash.

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Kate O’Connor works as AVweb's Editor-in-Chief. She is a private pilot, certificated aircraft dispatcher, and graduate of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

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6 COMMENTS

  1. Another Facebook forum member posted an advisory from the FAA(?) showing the actuator and lock ring; side by side images of actuators with one lock ring seated correctly and the other with lock ring protruding incorrectly. I’m glad to see an immediate possibility for the rash of Otter crashes pointing to the horizontal trim actuators. Hopefully every Otter is examined immediately to keep them airworthy.

  2. This doesn’t make sense as a cause of the crash. The retaining ring is on the nut that will stop the jackscrew from unwinding completely and having the trim control assembly come apart, but this can only happen at the extreme travel point.

    Why would the pilot have rolled in full nose down trim in cruise flight ?

    I would suggest this may be indicative of poor maintenance but did not cause the crash.

    • From what I’ve read the culprit in this crash seems to be the elevator auxiliary spar failure but what I don’t understand is why did this piece of structure destruct? As a retired A&P this gets curiouser and curiouser to me.

    • David, the pilot has no direct control of the tab in question, its position is regulated by flap position as the two are connected directly. Normal pilot controlled trim is by means of a movable stabiliser, same as a 737.